Technical Assistance Toolbox: Tools to Support Systemic Change Along the Educator Career Continuum

Techical Assistance Toolbox Preparation

Recruitment, Hiring, & Placement Overview

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All schools need to recruit, hire, and place teachers in their classrooms. However, the staffing needs of specific schools often vary both within districts and between districts; and equitable distribution of effective teachers within districts and across districts is an important goal for state education agencies. Recruitment, hiring, and placement strategies should target the needs of individual schools, as well as specific types of teacher candidates to find the best fit for both the school and the teacher, which can ultimately help improve student learning and provide better education opportunities for all students. Strategies to attract and retain effective teachers include the following considerations:

  • Unique challenges faced by both urban and rural districts and schools
  • Specific school culture, including the degree of staff collegiality and positive climate in the building.
  • Effect of the composition of student populations
  • Importance of attracting high-quality candidates into teacher preparation programs

Interactive Online Tools

The TQ Center has developed resources to assist states in thinking strategically about developing their American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) applications for improving teacher effectiveness and equitable distribution. These resources are as follows:

Policy-to-Practice Brief

The TQ Center offers action steps and promising strategies for states and districts to address recruitment and distribution issues.

Research & Policy Brief

In the following Research & Policy Briefs, the TQ Center discusses the need for and the research base relating to the equitable distribution of highly qualified and effective teachers in schools and districts across all states.

Tips & Tools Key Issues

The TQ Center addresses issues of teacher recruitment and teacher distribution in the following Key Issues. Each Key Issue includes a summary of the research that identifies key areas of concern, as well as links to real-world strategies that the states and districts currently implement to address the topics.

Additional Events, Webcasts, and Presentations

The TQ Center has been involved in providing numerous events, webcasts, and presentations on educator recruitment, hiring, and placement, including topics such as tips and strategies for recruiting and retaining effective teachers and current research on the equitable distribution of teachers within schools and school districts. A sampling of the events and webcasts on these topics is as follows:

The Need:

The Southeast Comprehensive Center (SECC) approached the TQ Center about providing support for the state of Georgia’s statewide Title II meetings.

Our Response:

For the past two years, the TQ Center has collaborated with SECC and the state of Georgia to plan, facilitate, and present concurrent sessions at the state’s Title II meetings. The concurrent sessions focused on the equitable distribution of teachers and providing high-quality professional development.

The Need:

The TQ Center, through need-sensing activities, recognized the importance of bringing together experts and practitioners to discuss existing research and strategies and to focus on developing actionable steps toward addressing equitable distribution issues.

Our Response:

The TQ Center hosted two events to address teacher distribution: a webcast, Systems and Strategies for Addressing the Inequitable Distribution of Teachers, and a workshop, Addressing Inequities in the Distribution of Highly Qualified and Effective Teachers: A Workshop to Move Research and Policy Into Action.During these events, the TQ Center provided participants with access to resources and content area experts in teacher distribution issues. The TQ Center also designed a workbook to walk states through a distribution needs-sensing process.

The Need:

While in conversations with the Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic about developing a study of distribution of subgroups of teachers in Delaware schools, the Delaware liaison to the Mid-Atlantic Comprehensive Center (MACC) approached the TQ Center to serve as a reviewer of the protocols developed.

Our Response:

In collaboration with the Delaware Department of Education and MACC, the TQ Center developed interview protocols to study the distribution of teachers in the state. The TQ Center assisted MACC in the review of the questions; and as the conversations about this topic continued, the TQ Center's scope of work with the Delaware Department of Education and MACC expanded. The TQ Center participated in ongoing meetings and provided assistance with developing research questions to study distribution of subgroups of teachers, a principal interview protocol, and teacher survey items.

State education agencies and districts can review Delaware's story and modify these protocols to conduct similar needs' assessment work.

The Need:

The TQ Center received requests from Tennessee and Oklahoma to assist with strategic planning and with developing tools to address the challenge of equitable teacher distribution.

Our Response:

In collaboration with the Appalachia Regional Comprehensive Center (ARCC) and Tennessee, the TQ Center assisted in the development of a variety of tools to address the distribution of highly effective teachers in Tennessee. The TQ Center was involved in the planning call in August and played a role in shaping the agenda for the fall workshop. The TQ Center supported ARCC in two webinars and attended a three-day technical workshop in Tennessee.

The TQ Center assisted Oklahoma in a review of their equity plan in preparation for a U.S. Department of Education monitoring visit. Two TQ Center staff members traveled to Oklahoma to discuss the state's equity plan and to prepare for the U.S. Department of Education visit.

For additional information about TQ Center work in distribution, see Chapter 3 of the 2009 Biennial Report.

The GTL Center supports regional comprehensive centers (RCCs) through explicit technical assistance efforts; in addition, the GTL Center can provide assistance in Recruitment, Hiring, and Placement by:

  • Working with RCCs and state education agencies (SEAs) to understand the roles of the state, district, and school leaders in addressing equitable teacher distribution.

  • Collaborating with RCC and SEA teams to develop a plan for state action to:

    • Determine whether the school system has sufficient information technology capacity to collect and analyze data on teacher recruitment, placement, and hiring practices.

    • Collect and analyze data to determine where the significant teacher shortages occur.

    • Work with districts to set local goals concerning recruitment and retention.

    • Set state-level recruitment goals and strategies.

    • Evaluate the success of the state plan.

  • Working with states or districts to identify appropriate staffing levels (e.g., pupil/teacher ratios, course loads) to guide recruitment targets.

  • Providing resources and technical assistance on principal hiring.

  • Facilitating multistate collaborations aimed at recruiting a strong talent pool through advertising campaigns and other recruitment strategies.

  • Assisting cross-state collaboration regarding teacher license reciprocity.

Learn more about how Recruitment, Hiring, & Placement affect Preparation and Compensation.

Techical Assistance Toolbox Recruitment, Hiring, & Placement Compensation Preparation

Effective recruitment, hiring, and placement strategies are dependent upon the effective preparation of a diverse pool of teacher candidates. Learn more about how the GTL Center supports teacher preparation activities.

Effective recruitment, hiring, and placement strategies can link to state and district compensation strategies, through the provision of alternative compensation structures that make a specific school or district more attractive places to teach. Learn more about how the GTL Center supports compensation activities.

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Phone: 877-322-8700


Chicago, Illinois Office:
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Chicago, IL 60606-2901

Naperville, Illinois Office:
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